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  1. The Most Iconic Tomboys of All Time | Katherine Hepburn | Katharine hepburn, Style, Fashion
  2. Early Years: Ballet And The Dutch Resistance
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One of the most gifted and beautiful actresses of all time, Hepburn cemented her status as a legend by becoming one of the few performers ever to win an Oscar, an Emmy, a Grammy, and a Tony. Despite her relatively brief time in the spotlight, Hepburn left an indelible mark. Born into an aristocratic family on May 4, , in Ixelles, Belgium, Hepburn was raised by her father, Joseph, a financial advisor who claimed to be descended from James Hepburn, the third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Ella Van Heemstra, a Dutch baroness.

Her parents were members of the ultra-right British Union of Fascists, though her father became a full-blown Nazi sympathizer. Of course, Hitler had other plans and occupied the country as he did most of all Europe, leading her mother to do a political about-face and join the Dutch resistance following the Nazi occupation in During the war, Hepburn attended the Arnhem Conservatory, where she trained in ballet with Winja Marova. But the war and occupation were ever-present, as Hepburn — who by this point adopted the non-English sounding name Edda van Heemstra — witnessed the execution of two relatives, while her half-brother, Ian, was sent to a Berlin labor camp.

Hepburn herself suffered malnutrition, anemia, and respiratory problems all throughout the war. After the war, Hepburn moved with her mother to Amsterdam, where she continued studying ballet under influential Dutch instructor, Sonia Gaskell. In , she made her film debut in the Dutch-made Dutch in Seven Lessons , in which she had a small role as a stewardess. Also that year, Hepburn moved with her mother to London in order to study classical ballet at the Ballet Rambert, while working part-time as a model to earn money.

But her malnutrition during the war prevented her from becoming a professional dancer, leading to her pursuing acting instead. Moving on to musical theater, Hepburn earned money as a chorus girl performing in revues at the London Hippodrome and the Cambridge Theatre. She was allegedly spotted by French novelist, Collette, who immediately set her sights on the young actress to play the lead in an upcoming Broadway production of her most famous work, Gigi. It was her performance in this play that caught the attention of Hollywood and led to her auspicious U.

So much so that he actually delayed production until Gigi closed on Broadway. Producers of the film, however, wanted Elizabeth Taylor instead. Ingrid Bergman was one of the greatest actresses from Hollywood's lamented Golden Era. Her natural and unpretentious beauty and her immense acting talent made her one of the most celebrated figures in the history of American cinema. Bergman is also one of the most Oscar-awarded actresses, tied with Actress The Sound of Music. Julia Elizabeth Wells was born on October 1, , in England. Her mother, Barbara Ward Morris , and stepfather, both vaudeville performers, discovered her freakish but undeniably lovely four-octave singing voice and immediately got her a singing career.

She performed in music halls throughout her Actress Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was considered one of the last, if not the last, major star to have come out of the old Hollywood studio system. She was known internationally for her beauty, especially for her violet eyes, with which she captured audiences early on in her youth and kept the world hooked Actress Rear Window. Her girlhood was uneventful for the most part, but one of the things she desired was to become an actress which she had decided on at an early age.

After her high school graduation in , Grace Actress To Have and Have Not. Her family was middle-class, with her father working as a LeSueur, a laundry laborer. By the time she was born, her parents had separated, and by the time she was a teenager, she'd had three stepfathers. It wasn't an easy life; Actress The Night of the Hunter. Her father James Lee Gish was an alcoholic who caroused around, was rarely at home and left the family to more or less to fend for themselves.

Actress A Streetcar Named Desire. If a film were made of the life of Vivien Leigh, it would open in India just before World War I, where a successful British businessman could live like a prince.

The Academy's First 40 Years with Best Actress Winners

In the mountains above Calcutta, a little princess is born. Because of the outbreak of World War I, she is six years old the first time Actress Network. Faye Dunaway was one of the hottest actresses in the s playing neurotic, highly driven women with sex appeal. Life in the s has not been as good.

The Most Iconic Tomboys of All Time | Katherine Hepburn | Katharine hepburn, Style, Fashion

In a much-publicized incident, she was dropped as the lead in the Broadway musical "Sunset Boulevard", and her attempt at starring in a Actress It Happened One Night. The family moved to the United States when she was three. As Claudette Actress La ciociara. Her father, Riccardo Scicolone, was married to another woman and refused to marry her mother, Romilda Villani, despite the fact that she was the mother of his two children Sophia and Actress Double Indemnity.

Today Barbara Stanwyck is remembered primarily as the matriarch of the family known as the Barkleys on the TV western The Big Valley , wherein she played Victoria, and from the hit drama The Colbys But she was known to millions of other fans for her movie career, which spanned the Actress The Silence of the Lambs. Brandy had filed for divorce in after having three children Actress Ninotchka.

She was fourteen when her father died, which left the family destitute. Greta was forced to leave school and Actress Gone with the Wind. Her maid-mammy characters became steadily more assertive, showing up first in Judge Priest and becoming pronounced in Alice Adams In this one, directed by George Brigitte Bardot was born on September 28, in Paris, France. Her father had an engineering degree and worked with his father in the family business. Brigitte's mother encouraged her daughter to take up music and dance, and she proved to be very adept at it.

Early Years: Ballet And The Dutch Resistance

By the time she was 15, Brigitte was Actress Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Her father was a United States Army lieutenant and her mother had been a student of drama and an actress with a traveling troupe. Once Mr. Russell was mustered out of the service, the family took up residence in Actress Maleficent. Angelina Jolie is an Academy Award-winning actress who rose to fame after her role in Girl, Interrupted , playing the title role in the "Lara Croft" blockbuster movies, as well as Mr.

Smith , Wanted , Salt and Maleficent Off-screen, Jolie has become He studied her awkward screen test, but spotting her potential magic, he battled studio executives to introduce her in ''A Bill of Divorcement,'' a melodrama starring John Barrymore.

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That began a series of brilliant Hepburn-Cukor collaborations that spanned nearly half a century. Cukor's intuitive understanding of actresses, including some of the most temperamental, led to his being labeled a ''women's director. Cukor remarked with a touch of irritation, in while making his last picture, ''Rich and Famous,'' ''Well, I'm very pleased to be considered a master of anything, but remember, for every Jill there was a Jack.

People like to pigeonhole you - it's a shortcut, I guess, but once they do, you're stuck with it. Fields as Mr. Micawber in the Dickens classic ''David Copperfield.

Cukor's most glowing achievements, winning a directorial Oscar from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, as well as seven other Oscars, including one for best movie of The film was also chosen best picture of the year by the New York Film Critics and won him the best director award from the Directors Guild of America. Had Respect for Writers. The witty, buoyant director, whose spectacles magnified dark, confident eyes, had an unusual respect for writers as well as performers, and he screened many noted stage plays.

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Among them were the superb ensemble productions of the drama ''Dinner at Eight'' in and ''The Women,'' a comedy with Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell and many other women, but not one man. Reviewers praised most Cukor films for their worldly perception, lucidity and adept balance in pacing of bouncing comedy and poignant drama. They also cited his expertise in satirizing characters' foibles and self-delusions, mixing of fantasy and reality and portrayal of deception among women and between men and women - reflected particularly in his many films about entertainers, extending from ''What Price Hollywood'' in to the Cole Porter musical ''Les Girls'' in and ''Heller in Pink Tights'' , starring Sophia Loren.

The Cukor imprint derived from subtle theatrical tableaux and his camera did not intrude with the sharp cuts and tricky angles and visual effects that became increasingly voguish. His Description of Cukor Style. As far as perception is concerned, I always try to imagine settings through the best possible eyes,'' such as Somerset Maugham's view of the South Seas and the post-Impressionist painters' perspectives of rural France. In creating a climate for creative work, he said, ''I choose my actors well and get to know the quirks of their personalities - and, most of all, I share humor with them.

Then I keep my eyes open when they rehearse and perform, because you never know where the next stimulation comes from.


His father worked in the Manhattan District Attorney's office and his grandfather, who had emigrated from Hungary about , chose the baby's name in patriotic fervor over Adm. He spent 11 years in the professional theater, rising from assistant stage manager in a touring company to organizing and guiding a stock company in Rochester and going to Broadway as a stage manager.

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There, he directed such plays as a hit adaptation of F.